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Keys for the Teacher
Flipping the sound is a clever strategy created by Joan Moser and Gail Boushey in the CAFE system.


Please refer to their book The CAFE Book and the Ready Reference Guide for a detailed description.


Flipping the sound is a strategy to help students navigate the varied sound pat- terns found in the English language. The heart of the strategy is to flip or try out different sounds until the word makes sense.


Keys for the Children
Good readers stop when they read a word that doesn’t make sense. They think, “Can I trade or flip to a new sound or letter that will help the word make sense?”

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